"An Injury to One is an Injury to All"

PREAMBLE

AND

CONSTITUTION

OF THE

INDUSTRIAL WORKERS

OF THE WORLD

Industrial Workers of the World, Universal Label

Organized July 7, 1905

GENERAL ADMINISTRATION
555 West Lake Street
Chicago, Ill., U. S. A.

1932

As adopted, 1905, and amended by conventions and ratified by referendum votes, 1906, 1907, 1908, 1910, 1911, 1912, 1913, 1914, 1916, 1919, 1920, 1921, 1922, 1923, 1924, 1925, 1928, 1931.

[Transcribed into HTML by Jim Crutchfield, NYC GMB, 2002]

INDEX

Agreements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35
Alternates to General Administration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
Amendments, etc. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .25-26
Appeals (Costs, etc.) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .15
Appendix . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36 to 40
Application Pledges  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
Auditing Committees (Convention) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22
Auditing by G. E. B. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
Ballot Committee . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27
Branch Allowances. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16
Branch and Delegate Reports. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16
Branch Secretaries and Delegates . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18
By-laws. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31
Charges Against General Officers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15
Charges Against Members, etc.  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .31-32
Charters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .9-29-30
Clearing House . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .15-18
Clearance Stamps . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33
Commission on Initiations. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34
Conflicting Parts of Constitution. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26
Conventions. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .18-23
Councils . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .8-9 
Craft Union Cards . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27-28
Credentials (General Convention) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20 
Credentials (Job Delegates). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16 
Credentials (Speakers and Organizers). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33 
Decision of the G. E. B. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 
Declination of Candidates. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34 
Defense Committees . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31 
Delinquency. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32
Dues and Initiations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .24-25-28-32
Duties of the G. E. B. (General) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .13-14
Duties of the G. E. B. (Misc.) . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-9-18-21-29-30-35
Duties of Gen. Sec'y-Treas. (General). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .12-13
[Page 4]
Duties of Gen. Sec'y-Treas. (Misc.). . . . . . . . . . . . . . .15-21-24-26
Duties of I. U. and Branch Officers. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .18-20-21-22
Election of Officials (General). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
Employees, Expelled Members, etc.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32
Expenses of Delegates to Convention. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22
Financial Statements. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12-17
General Recruiting Union . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-11
Indebtedness . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .16-17-18-22
Industrial Unions. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .8
Industrial Union Officers. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16-17-20
Intoxication, etc. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .33-34
Job Branches . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
Label and Seal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .23-24
Majority Vote. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31
Meetings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  9
Membership . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9-10
Name and Structure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .7-8
Organizers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .13-33
Per Capita . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .24-29
Political Parties, etc.  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .34-35
Preamble . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5
Quorum . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
Recall of Officers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27
Referendums. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .26-27
Resolutions for General Convention . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23
Revenue. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24
Seal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .12-24
Sick and Death Benefit . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25
Speakers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33
Supplies . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .29-33
Term of Office . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
Transfers, etc.  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .27-28
Votes of Delegates, Gen. Convention. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20
Votes of Officials . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .10-12
Wages of Officers and Employees. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .11-13
Withdrawal and Special Cards . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .28-29
 

[Page 5]

PREAMBLE

The working class and the employing class have nothing in common. There can be no peace so long as hunger and want are found among millions of the working people and the few, who make up the employing class, have all the good things of life.

Between these two classes a struggle must go on until the workers of the world organize as a class, take possession of the earth and the machinery of production, and abolish the wage system.

We find that the centering of the management of industries into fewer and fewer hands makes the trade unions unable to cope with the ever-growing power of the employing class. The trade unions foster a state of affairs which allows one set of workers to he pitted against another set of workers in the same industry, thereby helping defeat one another in wage wars. Moreover, the trade unions aid the employing class to mislead the workers into the belief that the working class have interests in common with their employers.

These conditions can be changed and the interest of the working class upheld only by an organization formed in such a way that all its members in anyone industry, or in all industries if necessary, [Page 6] cease work whenever a strike or lockout is on in any department thereof, thus making an injury to one an injury to all.

Instead of the conservative motto, "A fair day's wage for a fair day's work," we must inscribe on our banner the revolutionary watchword, "Abolition of the wage system."

It is the historic mission of the working class to do away with capitalism. The army of production must be organized, not only for the everyday struggle with capitalists, but also to carry on production when capitalism shall have been overthrown. By organizing industrially we are forming the structure of the new society within the shell of the old.

Knowing, therefore, that such an organization is absolutely necessary for our emancipation, we unite under the following constitution:

[Page 7]

CONSTITUTION

ARTICLE I.

Name and Structure

Section 1. This organization shall be known as THE INDUSTRIAL WORKERS OF THE WORLD.

Sec. 2. The Industrial Workers of the World shall be composed of actual wage workers brought together in an organization embodying Industrial Departments, Industrial Unions, General Recruiting Union and Industrial District Councils.

Departments

Sec. 3 (a) An Industrial Department shall be composed of Industrial Unions in closely kindred industries appropriate for representation in the departmental administration, and assigned thereto by the General Executive Board of the Industrial Workers of the World.

(b) An Industrial Department shall consist of two or more Industrial Unions aggregating a membership of not less than 20,000 members. The Departments shall have general supervision over the affairs of the Industrial Unions composing same, provided that all matters concerning the entire membership of the I. W. W. shall be settled by a referendum.

[Page 8]

(c) The Departments shall be designated as follows:

  1. Department of Agriculture, Land, Fisheries and Water Products.
  2. Department of Mining.
  3. Department of Construction.
  4. Department of Manufacturing and General Production.
  5. Department of Transportation and Communication.
  6. Department of Public Service.

Industrial Unions

Sec. 4. Industrial Unions shall be composed of actual wage workers in a given industry welded together as the particular requirements of said industry may render necessary.

Councils

Sec. 5. Industrial District Councils may be organized for the purpose of promoting general solidarity in a given district and shall be composed of delegates representing the membership of various Industrial Unions within said district. Said councils shall be limited in scope to industrial centers and environs, which shall be determined by the membership of such industrial centers jointly. All action taken by Industrial District Councils must be ratified by a majority vote (hand raising and recorded) of membership within said district. The Industrial District Council shall meet as often as conditions in its locality necessitate.

[Page 9]

Charters

Sec. 6. On application of thirty (30) or more members in good standing of any given Industrial Union regardless of their departmental affiliations, they shall be granted a charter and seal upon the payment of the required amount which shall be $3.00.

Jurisdiction of the Councils

Sec. 7. Councils shall have charge of all propaganda work such as taking charge of street and indoor meetings, and the proceeds of same, the distribution of literature and papers within their jurisdiction and they shall also secure halls and meeting places for Industrial Union branches. They shall nave no legislative authority over the affairs of any Industrial Union branch. Councils shall not act on resolutions or communications unless said matters have been duly acted upon by a quorum.

Sec. 8. No legislation conflicting with the constitution of the I. W. W. shall be passed by any subordinate body.

ARTICLE II.

Membership, Etc.

Section 1 (a) None but actual wage workers shall be members of the Industrial Workers of the World. No one shall be excluded from membership because of creed or color.

[Page 10]

(b) Unions shall define the eligibility of their membership, not conflicting with the provisions of this Constitution.

(c) Editors of papers not controlled by the I. W. W. shall not be eligible to membership in the I. W. W., except where such papers are sanctioned by the G. E. B. of the I. W. W.

(d) No member of the Industrial Workers of the World shall be an officer of a trade or craft union or political party.

Sec. 2. All applicants shall agree to abide by the Constitution and regulations of the I. W. W. and diligently study its principles and make themselves acquainted with its purpose. This obligation shall be printed on the application blank.

Job Branches

Sec. 3. Whenever there are seven or more members on a job, they shall constitute themselves a shop or job branch and elect a job committee and a job delegate to attend to urgent matters between business meetings. No member should serve permanently on a committee. At each meeting a new committee should be elected. All members should take their turn at serving on committees.

Quorum

Sec. 4. (a) Not less than seven members, not including the paid Branch Secretary, shall constitute a quorum for the transaction of business.

(b) No paid official of any part of the Industrial Workers of the World shall be permitted to vote in Branch meetings.

[Page 11]

ARTICLE III.

General Officers

Section 1. The General Administration shall consist of the General Secretary-Treasurer and the General Executive Board comprising seven members.

Sec. 2. (a) The term of office shall be one year and same shall commence on March 1. Officials after serving their first term of office shall be eligible for re-election for two more terms.

(b) The General Secretary-Treasurer and the members of the General Executive Board shall receive thirty (30) dollars per week, or five (5) dollars per day when working less than a full week, and mileage when on actual duty. The General Executive Board shall set the wages of all General Organization employees and organizers, but shall not exceed thirty (30) dollars per week.

ELECTIONS

General Administration

Sec. 3. (a) The six largest Industrial Unions shall nominate and elect their own G. E. B. members. The General Recruiting Union shall nominate and elect a G. E. B. member. The Secretary-Treasurer and G. E. B. shall be members for three (3) years, and eighteen (18) months in continuous good standing, immediately prior to nomination.

(b) The three candidates for Secretary-Treasurer receiving the highest number of votes on the floor of the convention shall be submitted to the general membership for election, the one receiving the high [Page 12] est number of votes on referendum to be elected.

Alternates

(c) The General Executive Board chairman shall be the alternate to the Secretary-Treasurer, and the Industrial Unions shall decide on alternates for the General Executive Board.

(d) The general administration officials on assuming office shall be transferred out of their respective Industrial Unions and become members at large.

(e) No official of the general administration shall be permitted to hold other office in, or become a paid employee of any Industrial Union of the Industrial Workers of the World.

Duties of General Secretary-Treasurer

Sec. 4. The duties of the General Secretary-Treasurer shall be to take charge of all books, papers and effects of the office. He shall conduct the correspondence pertaining to his office. He shall be the custodian of the seal of the organization, and shall attach same to all official documents -over his official signature. He shall furnish the committee on credentials, at each general -convention, a statement of the financial standing of each Industrial Union. He shall have a voice, but no vote, in the governing bodies of the organization.

The General Secretary-Treasurer shall close his accounts for the fiscal year on the lust day of September. He shall make a monthly financial report to the General Executive Board and to the general membership. He shall make a complete [Page 13] itemized report of the financial and other affairs of his office to each general convention.

He shall prepare and sign all charters issued by the General Executive Board. He shall receive all moneys for charters from Industrial Unions and Industrial Departments. He shall receipt for same, care for and deposit all moneys as instructed by the General Executive Board, in some solvent bank or banks, which shall be drawn out only to pay indebtedness rising out of due conduct of the business of the organization, and then only if bills shall have been first duly presented by the creditors, when a check shall be drawn by him in payment thereof.

He shall employ such assistants as are necessary to conduct the affairs of his office, remuneration for such employes to be fixed by the General Executive Board.

Duties of the General Executive Board

Sec. 5. (a) The General Executive Board shall elect its own chairman from its own number. The General Executive Board shall have general supervision over all affairs of the organization between conventions, and shall watch vigilantly over the interest throughout its jurisdiction. It shall be assisted by the officers and members of all organizations subordinate to the Industrial Workers of the World. It shall appoint such organizers as the conditions of the organization may justify.

(b) The General Executive Board shall not appoint nor cause to be appointed any [Page 14] delegate or organizer without first notifying the union (if any) where the organizer or delegate is about to operate. All organizers so appointed shall at all times work under the instruction or the General Executive Board. All organizers and General Executive Board members, while in the employ of the Industrial Workers of the World, shall report to the Chairman of the General Executive Board in writing, on blanks provided for that purpose, at least once each week.

(c) The General Executive Board shall have full power to issue charters to Industrial Departments, Industrial Unions, Branches and Industrial District Councils.

(d) The General Executive Board shall have full power and authority over all I. W. W. publications and guide their policy.

(e) The members of the General Executive Board shall have power to visit any subordinate body of the I. W. W. and have full authority to examine and audit all accounts of such body; and also to enforce the use of the uniform system of bookkeeping as adopted by the Convention of the I. W. W. from time to time.

(f) The General Executive Board shall meet on the call of the Chairman or majority vote of the General Executive Board.

(g) All matters pertaining to organization shall he settled by the entire General Executive Board by mail or wire when absent from headquarters. It shall take a majority vote to settle any question.

[Page 15]

Charges Against General Officers

Sec. 6 (a) Charges against any of the General Officers shall be filed in writing with the G. E. B. or the General Convention, at the option of the person filing charges. If the charges are filed before the G. E. B. they shall at once have a copy of the charges sent to the accused, together with the notice of the date of the hearing of the charges. Charges filed before the General Convention must be sent to the General Secretary at least thirty days prior to the date of the convening of the convention. On receipt of the charges the General Secretary will forward a -copy of the same to the accused and notice to appear at the convention for trial.

(b) Any decision of the G. E. B. on charges tried by them shall be subject to appeal to the next General Convention and from the General Convention to the general membership. The decision of the General Convention on charges can be appealed to the general membership. The cost of appealing to the general membership shall be borne by the party taking the appeal. If the vote on appeal results in the favor of the party taking the appeal then the General Organization shall refund the cost of the appeal.

ARTICLE IV.

Clearing House

Sec. 1 (a) The General Headquarters of the Industrial Workers of the World [Page 16] shall function as a Clearing house that will automatically settle all debts between Industrial Unions and General Head quarters.

(b) All credentials shall be universal and issued from said Clearing House. All Branch Secretaries and all delegates of all Industrial Unions and the G. R. U. shall report to and remit all financial returns direct to the Clearing House, excepting where the Industrial Union bylaws provide for the job delegate reporting through the secretary of the branch of which the delegate is a member. The General Secretary-Treasurer of the General Organization shall deduct the cost of supplies, the per capita due the General Organization, that portion due the Press, the pro ratio cost of maintaining the Clearing House, from remittances on said reports and deposit the balance to the credit of the respective Industrial Union. The Chairman of the General Executive Board of the I. W. W. shall countersign all checks issued by the General Secretary. Books, records, and all financial and supply accounts of all Industrial Unions and the G. R. U. shall be kept in said Clearing House.

(c) The Industrial Unions and the General Recruiting Union shall determine percentage of dues, initiations, and assessments that may be retained by the Branches, providing that percentage remitted to headquarters be no less than the pro ratio expense of maintaining the Clearing House and the per capita to the General Administration.

[Page 17]

(d) Each department, the G. R. U., or the Industrial Union, shall have an executive committee of at least three members, who shall look diligently after the affairs of their respective union, or unions, carrying out the wishes of the respective memberships of said unions. These executive committees, through the General Secretary-Treasurer, shall order the withdrawal and spending of such sums as are deemed necessary for the carrying on of Industrial Union activity, and at all times be governed by the By-Laws, conventions, and referendums, of their respective Industrial Unions, or departments, or the General Recruiting Union.

(e) The cost of maintaining the G. E. B. and the General Convention shall be defrayed from the sum of the per capita tax and not from the funds of the Industrial Unions. The pro-ratio cost of maintaining the General Office shall in no manner include any expenditures necessary for the upkeep of the General Executive Board, the Press, or the General Defense.

(f) The General Administration can not use any finance belonging to an Industrial Union without the consent of the G. O. C. or G. E. C. of the Industrial Union, or Unions. Any General Official violating any provision of this article to be held delinquent for such violation.

(g) An itemized financial statement shall be issued by the General Secretary-Treasurer at the end of each month, showing the total receipts and expenditures of each Industrial Union and of the General Recruiting Union.

[Page 18]

(h) All units of the Industrial Workers of the World shall pay all indebtedness to each other at the end of each month.

(i) Industrial Unions, or the General Recruiting Union, becoming six months In arrears on per capita or pro ratio assessment account with the General Organization shall be declared on an unsound basis, and the General Executive Board shall assume full control of such Union, after having served, a sixty day notice on such Union. During the aforementioned sixty day period, the G. E. B. shall advise the rank and file of such union in :an endeavor to remedy the situation without drastic action.

ARTICLE V.

Duties of Branch Secretaries and Delegates

(a) Applications for all accepted members eligible for membership in existing Industrial Unions shall be forwarded to the Clearing House.

(b) Branch Secretaries and Delegates of Industrial Unions shall be empowered to initiate and collect dues from all wage workers in any industry in their locality.

(c) No job delegate credentials shall be issued to any member not in good standing in the I. W. W. for at least six months.

ARTICLE VI.

Conventions

Section 1. (a) The annual convention of the Industrial Workers of the World shall convene on the second Monday of [Page 19] November each year where the General Headquarters is located.

(b) The General Convention of the I. W. W. shall not remain in session over ten days. Prior to the Convention the General Executive Board shall issue an agenda to the delegates to the General Convention specifying the time limit on each question. All resolutions shall be in the hands of the G. E. B. ten (10) days before the opening of the convention. Mimeographed copies of all resolutions to be furnished all delegates.

Sec. 2. The convention of the Industrial Workers of the World has power to expel any member for violation of principles, constitution or by-laws of the Industrial Workers of the World. It is also the legislative body of the organization and its enactments are of legal force when sustained by a referendum vote of the membership touching any and all amendments to the organic law which the convention may adopt. Such amendments shall be submitted to referendum vote by the General Executive Board within fifteen (15) days after adjournment of the convention. The vote shall close forty-five (45) days after the date of issuing of referendum.

Representation

Sec. 3 (a) Representation in the convention shall be based upon the amount of per capita paid to General Headquarters for dues for the fiscal year prior to the convention, except for Industrial Unions that have been chartered less than a year, [Page 20] which shall have representation in proportion. Each union entitled to representation in the convention shall be entitled to one vote for the first fifty (50) of its members and one additional vote for each additional fifty (50) of its members or major fraction thereof.

Votes of Delegates

(b) Unions, chartered directly by the Industrial Workers of the World, shall have one delegate for 200 members or less and one additional delegate for each additional 200 or major fraction thereof.

(c) When two or more delegates are representing an industrial Union in the convention, the vote of such Industrial Union shall be equally divided between the delegates.

Credentials

Sec. 4. (a) On or before September 1 of each year the General Secretary-Treasurer shall send to the Chairman of the Executive Committee or Organization Committee of each Industrial Union credentials in duplicate for the number of delegates and alternates they are entitled to in the Convention.

(b) The Chairman of the Executive Committee or Organization Committee of the Industrial Union shall properly fill out the blank credentials received from the General Secretary-Treasurer and return one copy to the General Office not later than October 15. The other copy shall be presented by the delegate to the Committee on Credentials when the convention assembles.

[Page 21]

Temporary Session

Sec. 5. The General Executive Board shall draw up a list of delegates against whom no contest has been filed at the general office. The General Secretary-Treasurer shall call the convention to order and read the aforesaid list. The delegates on the said list shall proceed to form a temporary organization by electing a temporary Chairman and a Committee on Credentials.

Delegates' Eligibility

Sec. 6 (a) Delegates to the General Convention from the Industrial Unions must be members of the I. W. W. for three years and in continuous good standing for 12 months immediately prior to nomination.

(b) The general administration officials shall be delegates at large, with voice but no vote. All paid officials and employes must be off the payroll ninety (90) days prior to the convening of the General Convention to become eligible as delegates. No delegate shall cast more than one vote when voting on the seating of a contested delegate or delegates. No delegate shall have more than one vote on the expulsion of a member.

(c) Delegates to the General Convention shall not serve for two consecutive terms.

Records of Delegates

(d) The Clearing House shall forward a complete record of each delegate elected to the general convention of the I. W. [Page 22] W. to the Chairman of the G. E. B. and to the Secretary-Treasurer in order to facilitate the work of the Credentials Committee of the general convention.

Expenses of Delegates

Sec. 7. The expenses of the delegates attending the general convention shall be borne by their respective Industrial Unions except mileage both ways which shall be paid by the General Organization provided the delegate comes from and returns to the district he was elected from.

Joint Delegates

Sec. 8. Two or more unions, with a total membership of 500 or less, may jointly send a delegate to the convention, and the vote of said delegate shall be based on the representation hereinbefore provided for.

Indebtedness

Sec. 9. Industrial Unions that are indebted to the official organs or the publishing bureau controlled by the organization, having sufficient funds to pay their indebtedness, shall not be entitled to representation in the General Convention.

Auditing Committee

Sec. 10. A general membership meeting shall be advertised and called in Chicago 30 days prior to the general convention for the purpose of electing an auditing committee from the floor of said meeting, to audit headquarters' books and supplies, Any member who has not been out of office for ninety days will not be eligible for this auditing committee.

[Page 23]

Resolutions

Sec. 11. Resolutions for the General Convention shall be acted upon by their Industrial Union Convention, and if the Industrial Union has no convention, then the branches acting on same must send them to their Industrial Union G. E. C. or G. O. C. chairman to be segregated; and each resolution shall be on a separate sheet of paper and duplicated. No resolution sent in by an individual shall be considered by the General Convention.

ARTICLE VII.

Label

Section 1. There shall be a Universal Label for the entire organization. It shall be of a crimson color and always the same in design. The use of the Universal Label shall never be delegated to employers, but shall be vested entirely in our organization. Except on stickers, circulars and literature proclaiming the merits of the Industrial Workers of the World, and emanating from the General Offices of the Industrial Workers of the World, the Universal Label shall be printed only as evidence of work done by I. W. W. members.

When the label is so printed it shall be done by the authority of our organization, without the intervention of any employer.

Whenever the Universal Label is placed upon a commodity as evidence of work done by Industrial Workers, it shall be accompanied by an inscription underneath [Page 24] the label stating what the work is that Industrial Workers have done, giving the name of Industrial Department to which they belong and the number or numbers of their unions; and the Universal Label shall never be printed as evidence of work performed without this inscription.

Seal

Sec. 2. Each union shall be provided with a seal by the General Secretary Treasurer, which shall bear the number of the union, and all official papers from the union must bear an imprint of this seal, and none will be legal without such impression.

ARTICLE VIII.

Revenue

Section. 1. The revenue of the organization shall be derived as follows: Charter fees for Industrial Departments shall be $25.00, and for Industrial Unions $10.00. Industrial Union branches shall pay $2.00 for seal and charter.

Per Capita

Sec. 2. The per capita of Industrial Unions shall be 71/2 cents per month per member.

Initiation Fees and Dues

Sec. 3 (a) The initiation fee for members of the Industrial Unions shall be no more than ten dollars ($10.00). The regular dues of the Industrial Unions directly [Page 25] united with the general organization shall be no less than 50 cents and no more than one dollar ($1.00). No part of the initiation fee or dues above mentioned shall be used as a sick or death benefit, but shall be held in the treasury as a general fund to defray the legitimate expenses.

(b) Each Industrial Union shall have the right to levy its own assessments.

(c) All dues stamps for all Industrial Unions must be of the same design without the price printed on them.

(d) A page shall be provided in the credentials fully stating the initiation fee and the dues charged by every Industrial Union for the information of delegates and branch secretaries.

ARTICLE IX.

Amendments, Etc.

Section 1 (a) All proposed Amendments to the Constitution and By-Laws shall clearly state the article, section and paragraph to which the amendment applies. New articles and sections shall be so stated. Each clause to be :amended shall be on a separate sheet.

Conflicting Parts

(b) All parts of the Constitution conflicting with amendments ratified by a referendum vote are hereby declared null and void.

[Page 26]

Referendums

Sec. 2. (a) The General Executive Board or the General Organization Committee of three or more Industrial Unions shall have the power to initiate a referendum on any organization question.

(b) On receipt of the initiative call for a referendum the General Office shall publish same in the official publications, and must submit it to a vote of the general membership within five (5) days.

(c) Tabulated returns of the vote of the Industrial Unions must be returned to the General Office within forty-five (45) days from the date the referendum is submitted to the general membership.

(d) The returns of the referendum shall remain in General Headquarters in sealed envelopes until the ballot committee meets. Ballot committee shall meet immediately on expiration of time set for return of ballots. The General -Secretary-Treasurer shall notify Industrial Union or body initiating referendum of date set for count of ballots.

(e) The ballot committee to count the votes on the referendum shall be composed as follows: Three (3) members in continuous good standing for one year prior to their election on committee shall be elected by the Industrial Unions in the city in which Headquarters is located. In reporting through the monthly bulletin the returns of referendums and elections, the General Secretary-Treasurer shall give [Page 27] the names of the ballot committee together with their card numbers and the Industrial Union of which they are members.

(f) The Industrial Union or body initiating a referendum shall pay the expenses of its own delegates on ballot committee unless the referendum is carried, in which event the expenses shall be borne by the general organization.

(g) Referendum returns from any Industrial Union cannot exceed its paid up membership for the three months prior to the vote on the referendum in question.

(h) Ballots shall be in duplicate form and numbered serially.

Recall

Sec. 3. The general administration officials shall be subject to recall upon a referendum, initiated as provided for in Section 2 (a), Article VIII. Such officials shall automatically stand suspended from office until referendum reinstates them. The alternates shall fill offices of suspended officials.

ARTICLE X.

Transfers, Craft Cards, Etc.

Section 1. There shall be a free interchange of cards between all organizations subordinate to the Industrial Workers of the World, and any Industrial Union shall accept, in lieu of initiation fee, the paid up membership card of any recognized labor union.

[Page 28]

Sec. 2. Members of an Industrial Union who cease work in that industry and are working in another industry for thirty days or more, must transfer to the proper Industrial Union. No member is allowed to transfer unless actually working in the industry he wishes to transfer to.

(b) Any member of chartered unions when working in another industrial union over thirty days and who fails to transfer shall be considered a member in bad standing.

Sec. 3. When a union to which a member transfers collects for delinquent dues, none shall be remitted to the Industrial Union to which the member formerly belonged, but shall be retained by the Industrial Union making the collection. Delinquent delegates can not transfer.

Sec. 4. All delegates upon transferring a member from one Industrial Union to another shall immediately send the record of transfer to the Clearing House.

Withdrawal of Cards

Sec. 5. On application, members who cease to be wage workers shall send their cards to the Secretary-Treasurer of the Clearing House, who shall enter date of withdrawal on transfer page of membership book, together with his official signature, and return same to the withdrawing member. Sec. 6. Any member in continuous good standing for ten years and found, after [Page 29] proper investigation by the Branch of the Industrial Union to which be belongs, to be incapacitated for life, the Industrial Union shall issue him a special membership card carrying the privilege of having a voice under "Good and Welfare", but with no voice on the business of the Branch.

ARTICLE XI.

Charters

Section 1. The number of signers required on an application for a Charter shall not be less than twenty.

Sec. 2. (a) Supplies issued to Delegates and Branch Secretaries on behalf of Industrial Unions shall be charged to the Industrial Union.

(b) Per capita for the actual dues paid during the month shall be remitted to the General Headquarters not later than the 10th day of the following month. Should any Industrial Union or the General Recruiting Union fail to do so the General Executive Board shall not issue any more supplies until the former are paid.

Sec. 3. The charter of a union shall not be surrendered so long as ten members who agree to abide by the rules and regulations of the General Organization object thereto, nor shall the :funds of any organization be divided among its membership.

Sec. 4. Upon a union surrendering its charter, the General Executive Board shall [Page 30] appoint a representative of the Industrial Workers of the World to take charge or the charter, supplies and property and funds of said union. Members or officers of said union refusing to deliver charter, supplies, property or funds of union surrendering its charter to the authorized representatives of the Industrial Workers of the World shall be expelled from the organization.

Sec. 5. Whenever a degree of organization of seven or more branches, and at least three thousand (3,000) members is attained in any industry, a convention shall be called thereupon and they shall be issued an industrial union charter.

[Page 31]

GENERAL BY-LAWS

ARTICLE I.

Section 1. Unions shall have the power to enact such laws for their government as they may deem necessary, providing they do not conflict with the Constitution and By-Laws of the Industrial Workers of the World.

Sec. 2. A majority vote cast shall rule in the general organization and its subordinate parts,

ARTICLE II.

Defense

Section 1. The General Defense Committee shall be composed of the members of the G. E. B. and Secretary-Treasurer, and they shall be empowered to hire any help necessary. All local defense committees shall submit monthly financial reports to the General Defense Committee.

Sec. 2. Membership in General Defense Locals shall be open to non-members of the Industrial Workers of the World who subscribe to the principles of the General Defense Committee.

ARTICLE III.

Charges

All charges by one member against another member shall be in writing, stating the facts and the names of witnesses with their statements regarding the offenses with which the accused member is charged. The accused shall be tried before his Industrial Union branch or convention. All such charges shall be filed [Page 32] with the General Secretary-Treasurer, who shall forward them to the G. E. C. or G. O. C. Chairman of the Industrial Union that the accused is a member of.

Appeal may be taken by either party to the general convention or the general membership of the Industrial Union of which the accused is a member, the findings to be published in the bulletin of the union of which both parties are members.

ARTICLE IV.

Employes, Etc.

Section 1. All employes hired by the I. W. W. shall be members of the I. W. W. when possible.

Expelled Members

Sec. 2. The general organization and Industrial Unions shall be prohibited from employing expelled members until such members have been reinstated and placed in good standing by the union or unions from which they were expelled.

ARTICLE V.

Delinquency

Sec. 1. Monthly dues are payable the first of each month. Members whose dues are sixty days in arrears (sixty days from the first of the month when the dues were payable), shall be in bad standing and shall not be entitled to any rights or benefits in the I. W. W. until thirty (30) days after such dues have been paid.

Sec. 2. Delinquent delegates are members in bad standing. Delinquency of delegates shall be defined by the Industrial Union to which the delegate belongs.

[Page 33]

Sec. 3. All G. O. C. traveling delegates and branch secretaries when issuing credentials shall mark in delegate's membership card the number of the credentials issued with the date, and by whom issued; and when a delegate's account is cleared, the Clearing House shall issue him a clearance stamp to be affixed in his or her membership card.

ARTICLE VI.

Supplies, Etc.

All subordinate organizations of the Industrial Workers of the World must procure and use such supplies as due books, due stamps, official buttons, labels and badges from the General Secretary-Treasurer, All such supplies are to be of uniform design.

ARTICLE VII.

Speakers and Organizers

Section 1. No member of the I. W. W. shall represent the organization before a body of wage earners without first having been authorized by the General Executive Board or a subordinate part of the I. W. W.

Sec. 2. No organizer for the I. W. W. while on the platform for this organization shall advocate any political party platform.

ARTICLE VIII.

Intoxication, Etc.

Section 1. Any official or employe of any part of the Industrial Workers of the World seen in public in a state of intoxication shall, upon sufficient proof, be at once removed from his position by the [Page 34] authority having jurisdiction over such employe, and upon conviction, shall not be eligible to hold office in any part of the organization for two years thereafter.

Sec. 2. Any member who is, on sufficient proof, found engaged in selling intoxicating liquor (bootlegging) shall be expelled.

ARTICLE IX.

Commissions

The commission on initiations shall be no more than 50 cents.

ARTICLE X.

Declinations, Etc.

Any member who accepts nomination for an official position and declines after his name has been placed on the ballot, shall not be eligible for any office for two years, unless good cause is given, such as sickness or being in jail.

RESOLUTIONS

Political Parties and Discipline

Whereas, The primary object of the Industrial Workers of the World is to unite the workers on the industrial battlefield; and

Whereas, Organization in any sense implies discipline through the subordination of parts to the whole and of the individual member to the body of which he is apart; therefore, be it

Resolved, That to the end of promoting industrial unity and of securing necessary discipline within the organization, the I. W. W. refuses all alliances, direct and indirect, with existing political parties or anti-political sects, and disclaims responsi [Page 35] bility for any individual opinion or act which may be at variance with the purposes herein expressed.

AGREEMENTS

Any agreement entered into between the members of any union or organization and their employers, us a final settlement of any difficulty or trouble which may occur between them, shall not be considered valid or binding until the same shall have the approval of the General Executive Board of the Industrial Workers of the World.

No union of the general organization, Industrial Department or Industrial Union of the I. W. W. shall enter into any contract with an individual or corporation of employers binding the members to any of the following conditions:

(a) Any agreement wherein any specified length of time is mentioned for the continuance of the said agreement.

(b) Any agreement wherein the membership is bound to give notice before making demands affecting hours, wages or shop conditions.

(c) Any agreement wherein it is specified that the members shall work -only for employers who belong to an association of the employers.

(d) Any agreement that proposes to regulate the selling price of the product they are employed in making.

(e) No Industrial Union, or any part of the Industrial Workers of the World shall enter into agreement with any labor organization contrary to the principles of the Industrial Workers of the World.

[Page 36]

[TABLE]

[Page 38]

LIST OF INDUSTRIAL UNIONS

To be Used for the Information of Delegates in Initiating New Members.

Agricultural Workers' Industrial Union No. 110.

Lumber Workers' Industrial Union No. 120.

Fishermen's Industrial Union No. 130.

Floricultural Workers' Industrial Union No. 140.

Metal Mine Workers' Industrial Union No. 210.

Coal Miners' and Coke Oven Workers' Industrial Union No. 220.

Oil, Gas and Petroleum Workers' Industrial Union No. 230.

General Construction Workers' (Railroad, Road, Canal, Tunnel and Bridge Construction) Industrial Union No. 310.

Ship Builders' Industrial Union No. 320.

House and Building Construction Workers' Industrial Union No. 330.

Textile and Clothing Workers' Industrial Union No. 410.

Woodworkers' Industrial Union No. 420.

Chemical Workers' Industrial Union No. 430.

Metal and Machinery Workers' Industrial Union No. 440.

Printing and Publishing House Workers' Industrial Union No. 450.

Foodstuff Workers' Industrial Union No. 460.

Leather Workers' Industrial Union No. 470.

[Page 39]

Glass and Pottery Workers' Industrial Union No. 480.

Paper Mill Workers' Industrial Union No. 490.

Marine Transport Workers' Industrial Union No. 510.

Railroad Workers' Industrial Union No. 520.

Telegraph, Telephone and Wireless Workers' Industrial Union No. 530.

Municipal Transportation Workers' Industrial Union No. 540.

Aerial Navigation Workers' Industrial Union No. 550.

Health and Sanitation Workers' Industrial Union No. 610.

Park and Highway Maintenance Workers' Industrial Union No. 620.

Educational Workers' Industrial Union No. 630.

General Distribution Workers' Industrial Union No. 640.

General Utilities Workers' Industrial Union No. 650.

Amusement Workers' Industrial Union No. 660.

When initiating new members be sure to place them in the Industrial Union to which they belong.

[Page 40]

ORDER OF BUSINESS

1. Opening and Calling Meeting to Order.

2. Reading of Minutes.

3. Reading of Applications for Membership.

4. Reports of Committees. Standing and Special.

5. Reports of Delegates and Officers.

6. Reading of Communications and Bills.

7. Monthly Report of Financial Secretary.

8. Reading of the Receipts and Expenses since the Last Meeting by the Financial Secretary.

9. Unfinished Business.

10. New Business.

11. Nominations, Elections and Installation.

12. Good and Welfare.

13. Adjournment.


A GOOD UNION MAN SPREADS LITERATURE

BOOST


[Back cover]

Support Your Press By
Getting Subscribers


The gauge of our Industrial Union power is the strength of our I. W. W. press. Every Industrial Unionist should make it his business to secure at least one new reader for the I. W. W. papers. Their names and addresses follow:

Industrial Worker, (weekly), 555 W. Lake Street, Chicago, Ill. $2 a year.

Industrialisti, (Finnish daily,) Box 99 Duluth, Minn. $4.75 a year.

Tie Vapauteen, (Finnish monthly magazine), Box 99, Duluth, Minn. $1.75 a year.

Bermunkas, (Hungarian weekly), Box 3912, Station F. F. Cleveland, Ohio. $2 a year.

Jedna Velka Unie, (Czecho-Slovakian weekly), 11314 Revere Ave., Cleveland, Ohio. $2 a year.

Il Proletario, (Italian weekly), Box 24, Sta. T, Brooklyn, N. Y. $2 a year.