"Labor is Entitled to All it Produces"


 PREAMBLE AND

CONSTITUTION

 

OF THE

 

GENERAL HEADQUARTERS

310 Bush Temple, Chicago, Illinois


Amended by Convention, 1906—Ratified by Referendum Vote, 1906

Amended by Convention, 1907—Ratified by Referendum Vote, 1907

Amended by Convention, 1908—Ratified by Referendum Vote, 1908


ORDER OF BUSINESS.


1. Opening and Calling Meeting to Order

2. Roll-Call of Officers.

3. Reading of Minutes.

4. Reading of Applications for Membership.

5. Election of Candidates for Initiation.

6. Initiation of Candidates.

7. Reports of Committees; Standing and Special.

8. Reading of Communications and Bills.

9. Monthly Report of Financial Secretary.

10. Reports of Delegates and Officers.

11. Unfinished Business.

12. New Business.

13. Nominations, Elections and Installation.

14. Good and Welfare.

15. Reading of the Receipts and Expenses since the last Meeting by the Financial Secretary.

16. Adjournment.


PREAMBLE *)

The working class and the employing class have nothing in common. There can be no peace so long as hunger and want are found among millions of working people and the few, who make up the employing class, have all the good things of life.

Between these two classes a struggle must go on until the workers of the world organize as a class, take possession of the earth and the machinery of production, and abolish the wage system.

We find that the centering of management of the industries into fewer and fewer hands makes the trade unions unable to cope with the ever growing power of the employing class [. . .]. The trade unions foster a state of affairs which allows one set of workers to be pitted against another set of workers in the same industry, thereby helping defeat one another in wage wars. Moreover, the trade unions aid the employing class to mislead the workers into the belief that the working class have interests in common with their employers.

These [. . .] conditions can be changed and the interest of the working class upheld only by an organization formed in such a way that all its members in any one industry, or in all industries if necessary, cease work whenever a strike or lockout is on in any department thereof, thus making an injury to one an injury to all.

Instead of the conservative motto, "A fair day's wage for a fair day's work," we must inscribe upon our banner the revolutionary watchword, "Abolition of the wage system."

It is the historic mission of the working class to do away with capitalism. The army of production must be organized, not only for the every-day struggle with capitalists, but also to carry on production when capitalism shall have been overthrown. By organizing industrially we are forming the structure of the new society within the shell of the old.

Knowing, therefore, that such an organization is absolutely necessary for our emancipation, we unite under the following constitution:


CONSTITUTION.

ARTICLE I.

Section 1. This Organization shall be known as THE INDUSTRIAL WORKERS OF THE WORLD.

Sec. 2. The Industrial Workers of the World shall be composed of actual wage-workers brought together in an organization embodying thirteen National Industrial Departments, National Industrial Unions, Local Industrial Unions, Local Recruiting Unions, Industrial Councils, and Individual members.

(a) None but officers and employes of the General Organization shall be members-at-large.

(b) Local Recruiting Unions shall be composed of wage-workers in whose respective industries in a given locality there does not exist during their membership a local Industrial Union.

(c) Local Industrial Unions shall be composed of all the actual wage-workers in a given industry in a given locality, welded together in trade or shop branches or as the particular requirements of said industry may render necessary.

(d) National Industrial Unions shall be formed whenever there are more than five local industrial unions in anyone industry having a joint membership of three thousand or more. National Industrial Unions shall maintain all communications between Local Industrial Unions and General Headquarters, until such time as the Department to which the National Industrial Union belongs, is organized.

(e) An Industrial Department shall be made up of National Industrial Unions of closely kindred industries appropriate for representation in the departmental administration, and assigned thereto by the General Executive Board of the Industrial Workers of the World.

(f) Industrial Councils for the purpose of establishing general solidarity in a given district may be organized, and shall be composed of delegates from not less than five Local Industrial or Local Recruiting Unions, and shall maintain communication between said district and general headquarters.

(g) Local Industrial Unions and Local Recruiting Unions within the district defined in the charter of a district council shall be required to maintain affiliation with said council.

(h) Industrial District Councils shall supervise the work of organization in their respective jurisdictions, and shall employ such organizers as may be deemed necessary, subject to the approval of the General Executive Board of the I. W. W.

(i) Industrial District Councils shall bear all appeals on charges from members of Local Unions within their jurisdictions, and their decisions shall be binding in such matters, unless appealed from to the General Executive Board or to the Convention.

(j) All charters of Local Unions within the district defined by an Industrial District Council charter shall be first approved by said Council before application for charter is made to the G. E. B.; but no charter of a Local Union can be revoked by a District Council.

Sec. 3. An Industrial Department shall consist of two or more National Industrial Unions aggregating a membership of not less than 10,000 members. [. . .] The Departments shall have general supervision over the affairs of the National Industrial Unions composing same; provided, the General Executive Board shall have power to control these departments in matters concerning the welfare of the general organization.

Sec. 4. The Departments shall be designated as follows:

Department of Mining Industry.

Department of the Transportation Industry.

Department of Metal and Machinery Industry.

Department of Glass and Pottery Industry.

Department of the Food Stuffs Industry.

Department of Brewery, Wine and Distillery Industry.

Department of Floricultural, Stock and General Farming Industries.

Department of the Building Industry.

Department of the Textile Industries.

Department of the Leather Industries.

Department of the Wood Working Industries.

Department of Public Service Industries.

Department of Miscellaneous Manufacturing.

Sec. 5. The financial and industrial affairs of each National Industrial Department shall be conducted by an Executive Board of not less than seven (7) nor more than twenty-one (21), selected and elected by the general membership of said National Industrial Department; provided, that the Executive Board and general membership of the said National Industrial Department shall at all times be subordinate to the General Executive Board of the Industrial Workers of the World, subject to appeal, and provided, the expenses of such referendum shall be borne by the National Industrial Departments, or National Industrial Unions, or Local Unions, involved.

ARTICLE II.

Officers—Selections and Duties Thereof.

Section 1. The General Officers of the I. W. W. shall be a General Secretary-Treasurer, a General Organizer, and a General Executive Board, composed of the above named officers and one member of each Industrial Department. A provisional General Executive Board, consisting of the two above named and five additional members, shall be maintained until such time us the departmental organizations are formed. The General Secretary and General Organizer shall have voice but no vote in the affairs of the General Executive Board.

Sec. 2. The General Secretary-Treasurer and the General Organizer shall be nominated from the floor of the Convention and the three (3) candidates for each respective office receiving the greater number of votes in the Convention shall be submitted to the general membership of the organization for election.

Duties of the General Secretary-Treasurer.

Sec. 3. The duties of the General Secretary-Treasurer shall be to take charge of all books, papers and effects of the office. He shall be nominated and elected as provided for in Article II, Section 2, and shall hold office until his successor is duly elected, qualified and installed, except in case he shall resign or be removed from office, when his place shall be filled temporarily by the General Executive Board. He shall furnish a copy of all proceedings to each affiliated Local Union regardless of their affiliation, if any, with any of the Departments of the Industrial Workers of the World.

He shall conduct the correspondence pertaining to his office; he shall be the custodian of the Seal of the Organization and shall attach the same to all official documents over his official signature; he shall provide such stationery and office supplies as are necessary for the conducting of affairs of the Organization; he shall act as Secretary at all meetings of the General Executive Board and all conventions and furnish the Committee on Credentials at each Convention a statement of the financial standing of each National Industrial Department. National Industrial Union, Industrial Council and Local Union. He shall have a voice but no vote in the governing bodies of the Organization.

The General Secretary-Treasurer shall close his accounts for the fiscal year on the last day of August for each year. He shall make a monthly financial report to the General Executive Board and a quarterly financial report to the general membership, through the General Executive Board, and he shall make a complete itemized report of the financial and other affairs of his office to each Annual Convention.

He shall prepare and sign all charters issued by the General Executive Board. He shall receive all moneys for charters, dues, assessments and supplies from National Industrial Departments, National Industrial Unions, Industrial Councils, Local Unions and Members-at-Large; he shall receipt for same and care for and deposit all moneys as instructed to do by the General Executive Board in some solvent bank, or banks, which shall be drawn out only to pay indebtedness arising out of the due conducting of the business of the organization, and then, only alter bill shall have been first duly presented by the creditor when, in payment thereof, a check shall be drawn and signed by him.

For the honest and faithful discharge of his duties he shall give a bond in such sum, or sums, as may be fixed by the Convention or General Executive Board. the bond so given to be approved by the General Executive Board and kept. in their custody.

He shall devote his entire time to the affairs of the Organization and shall at all times be under the supervision of the Executive Board and shall receive for his services ninety dollars per month, which shall be paid out of the funds of the Organization in the same manner as is provided for in the payment of other bills and indebtedness.

He shall, with the approval of the General Executive Board, employ such assistance as is necessary to conduct the affairs of his office. Remuneration for such employes shall be fixed by the General Executive Board and paid as other bills and indebtedness, as hereinbefore provided for; he shall convene the General Executive Board as hereinafter provided.

Duties of the General Organizer.

Sec. 4. It shall be the duty of the General Organizer to at all times assist the General Secretary-Treasurer in the discharge of his duties as above outlined; he shall assume all duties of General Secretary-Treasurer in the event of a temporary vacancy occurring in that office; and for his services he shall receive ninety dollars per month, the same to be paid as heretofore provided. He shall supervise the work of organizers in the field, and shall have a voice but no vote in the governing bodies of the organization.

ARTICLE III.

Duties of the General Executive Board.

Section 1. The General Executive Board shall be composed of the General Secretary-Treasurer, the General Organizer and one member from each National Industrial Department, as provided for in Article II, Section 1. The General Secretary-Treasurer and the General Organizer shall be elected as provided for in Article II, Section 2, except in case of vacancy, when they shall be elected as provided for in Article II, Section 3.

The other members of the General Executive Board shall be elected by their respective National Industrial Departments. No member of the General Executive Board shall act as National Organizer on salary.

Sec. 2. The General Executive Board shall have general supervision of the entire affairs of the organization between conventions, and watch vigilantly over the interests throughout its jurisdiction. They shall be assisted by the officers and members of all organizations subordinate to the Industrial Workers of the World. They shall appoint such organizers as the conditions of the organization may justify.

All organizers shall at all times work under the instruction of the General Organizer. All organizers, while in the employ of the Industrial Workers of the World, shall report to the General Organizer in writing on blanks provided for that purpose at least once each week. They shall receive as compensation for their services eighteen dollars per week and legitimate expenses.

Sec. 3. The decisions of the General Executive Board on all matters pertaining to the organization or any subordinate part thereof shall be binding, subject to an appeal to the next convention, or to the entire membership of the Organization, provided that, in case [. . .] a referendum vote of the membership is demanded by any subordinate part of the Organization, the expense of submitting the matter to the referendum shall be borne by the Organization taking the appeal, except wherein the decision of the General Executive Board shall be reversed by a vote of the membership; then the expense shall be borne by the general organization.

Sec. 4. The General Executive Board shall have full power to issue charters to National Industrial Departments, National Industrial Unions, Industrial Councils and Local Unions, as provided for in Article I, Section 2. They shall also have power to charter and classify unions, or organizations, not herein provided for.

Sec. 5. In case the members of any subordinate organization of the Industrial Workers of the World are involved in strike, regularly ordered by the Organization, or General Executive Board, or involved in a lockout. if in the opinion of the General Executive Board it becomes necessary to call out any other union, or unions, or organization, they shall have full power to do so.

Any agreement entered into between the members of any Local Union, or organization, and their employers, as a final settlement of any difficulty or trouble which may occur between them, shall not be considered valid or binding until the same shall have the approval of the General Executive Board of the Industrial Workers of the World.

Sec. 6. The General Executive Board shall meet twice within a fiscal year to audit the books of the General Secretary-Treasurer and transact such other business as may come before them.

Sec. 7. The General Executive Board shall, by a two-thirds vote, have power to levy a special assessment when subordinate parts of the organization are involved in strikes and the conditions of the treasury makes such action necessary, but no special assessment shall exceed 50 cents per member in any one month, nor more than six (6) such assessments in any one year, unless the same shall have been approved by a referendum vote of the entire membership [. . .].

Sec. 8. The General Executive Board shall have full power and authority over the official organ and guide its policy. The Editor shall be nominated and elected in the same manner as the General Secretary-Treasurer and shall receive such compensation as in the judgment of the General Executive Board is just and proper.

Sec. 9. The members of the General Executive Board shall have power to visit any subordinate body of the I. W. W., and have full authority to examine and audit all accounts of said subordinate bodies, and also to compel the use of the universal system of book keeping as adopted by the conventions of the I. W. W. from time to time.

Sec. 10. The G. E. B. shall elect from the uncontested delegates an auditing committee of three who shall audit the books of the General Organization prior to the convening of the convention. They shall be paid at the rate of $3.00 per diem.

ARTICLE IV.

Conventions.

Section 1. The annual convention of the Industrial Workers of the World shall be held on the third Monday in September of each year at such place as may be determined by previous convention.

Sec. 2. The General Executive Board shall draw up a list of delegates against whom no contest has been filed at the general office. The General Secretary-Treasurer shall call the convention to order and read the aforesaid list. The delegates on the said list shall proceed to form a temporary organization by electing a temporary chairman and a committee on credentials.

Sec. 3. A true and complete stenographic report of the proceedings of all general conventions and of the meetings of the General Executive Board shall be printed in bound form as soon as possible after the adjournment of the convention.

See. 4. Delegates to the annual convention shall. be as hereinafter provided for. The General Secretary-Treasurer, the General Organizer, and other members of the General Executive Board shall be delegates-at-large with one vote each, but shall riot be accredited delegates nor carry the vote of any union or organization.

Sec. 5. National Industrial Departments shall have two delegates for the first 10,000 of its members, and an additional delegate for each additional 5,000 of its members or major portion thereof.

Sec. 6. Local Unions, chartered directly by the Industrial Workers of the World, shall have one delegate for 200 members or less, and one additional delegate for each additional 200, or major fraction thereof.

Sec. 7. When two or more delegates are representing any Local Union, National Union or Industrial Department in the convention, the vote of their respective organization shall be equally divided between such delegates.

Sec. 8. Representation in the convention shall be based on the National Dues paid to the General Organization for the last six months of each fiscal year, and each union and organization entitled to representation in the convention shall be entitled to one vote for the first fifty (50) of its members and one additional vote for each additional fifty (50) of its members, or major fraction thereof.

Sec. 9. On or before the 10th day of July of each year the General Secretary-Treasurer shall send to each Local Union and National Industrial Department credentials in duplicate for the number of delegates they are entitled to in the convention, based on the national dues for the last six months.

Sec. 10. The Unions and National Industrial Departments shall properly fill out the blank credentials received from the General Secretary-Treasurer and return one copy to the General Office not later than August 1. The other copy shall be presented by the delegate to the committee on credentials when the convention assembles. .

Sec. 11. Delegates to the convention from Local and National Industrial Unions or Departments shall be in good standing in the general organization at least one year and in their local Union at least 30 days prior to the nomination and election of delegates [. . .].

Sec. 12. The expenses of delegates attending annual conventions shall be borne by their respective locals, excepting mileages, which shall be pooled among locals sending delegates.

Sec. 13. Two or more Local Unions in the same locality, with a total membership of 500, or less, may jointly send a delegate to the convention and the vote of said delegate shall be based on the representation hereinbefore provided for. Provided, said delegate is a member in good standing of one of the Locals so sending him.

Sec. 14. No Local shall be admitted to representation unless it has been duly chartered [. . .] three months before the assembling of the convention and is otherwise in good standing.

Sec. 15. The convention of the Industrial Workers of the World is the [. . .] legislative body of the organization, and its enactments are of legal force when sustained by a referendum vote of the membership, touching any and all amendments to the organic law which the convention may adopt. As to such amendments, they shall be submitted to a referendum vote by the G. E. B. within thirty days after the adjournment of the convention. The vote shall close sixty days after the date of the call for the referendum.

ARTICLE V.

The Label.

Section 1. There shall be a Universal Label for the entire organization. It shall be of a crimson color and always the same in design. The use of the Universal Label shall never be delegated to employers, but shall be vested entirely in our organization. Except on stickers, circulars, and literature proclaiming the merits of the Industrial Workers of the World, and emanating from the General Offices of the Industrial Workers of the World, the Universal Label shall be printed only as evidence of work done by I. W. W. members.

When the Label is so printed, it shall be done by the authority of our organization, without the intervention of any employer.

Whenever the Universal Label is placed upon a commodity as evidence of work done by Industrial Workers, it shall be accompanied by an inscription. underneath the Label, stating what the work is that Industrial Workers have done, giving the name of the Industrial Department to which they belong, and the number or numbers of their Local Unions; and the Universal Label shall never be printed as evidence of work performed without this inscription.

ARTICLE VI

Revenue of the Organization.

Section 1. The revenue of the organization shall be derived as follows: Charter fees for National Industrial Departments shall be $25.00. Charter fees for National Industrial Unions. District Councils and Local Unions shall be $10.00.

Sec. 2. National Industrial Unions and Industrial Departments shall pay as general dues into the treasury of the. Industrial Workers of the World the rate of 5 cents per month per member; Industrial Councils shall pay a flat rate of $1.00 per month to the General Organization; Local Unions shall pay 15 cents per member per month, together with such assessments as may be levied, as provided for in Article III, Section 7. All Local Industrial Unions within the jurisdiction of a National Industrial Union shall purchase all due stamps and other supplies directly from the National Industrial Union; but shall fill out the quarterly report blanks and forward same regularly to the General Secretary of the I. W. W.

[. . .]

Sec. 3. The initiation fee for members of Local Unions shall not exceed $5.00. The regular [. . .]dues shall be not more than $1.00 per month, together with such assessments as may be levied as provided for in Article II, Section 5, provided no part of the initiation fee or dues above mentioned shall be used as a sick or death benefit, but shall be held in the treasury as a general fund to defray the legitimate expenses of the union.

Sec. 4. National Industrial Departments and Unions shall charge for initiation fee an amount not exceeding $5.00.

Sec. 5. All National Industrial Departments and National Industrial Unions subordinate to the Industrial Workers of the World shall collect from the membership of their organization a per capita tax at the rate of not more than 25 cents per member per month, provided that no part of the above mentioned moneys shall he used for sick, accident or death fund, but shall be held in the treasury of National Industrial Departments for the purpose of paying the legitimate expenses of maintaining the organizations.

[. . .]

Sec. 6. No funds of the General Administration of the I. W. W. or subordinate parts thereof shall be used for political party purposes.

ARTICLE VII.

Membership, Etc.

Section 1. None but actual wage workers shall be members of the Industrial Workers of the World.

Sec. 2. A majority vote cast shall rule in the general organization and its subordinate parts, except as otherwise provided for in this constitution.

Sec. 3. No member of the Industrial Workers of the World shall be an officer in a pure and simple trade union.

[. . .]

Sec. 4. No one employed in an industry which is organized in his locality is eligible for membership in the mixed local, and no member of a mixed local can remain a member of the same after an industrial union of the industry in which he works has been organized in that locality.

Sec. 5. The General Executive Board or not less than 10 locals in at least three industries may initiate a referendum on any subject, but referendums on deferring action on any matter upon which the date has been set, must have sufficient indorsements at least 60 days prior to sending out such referendum.

All referendum returns from Local Unions or National Industrial Unions shall not exceed the membership in good standing for the month prior to the issuance of such referendum.

Sec. 6. As soon as there are two or more National Industrial Unions in closely kindred industries, with an aggregate membership of not less than 10,000, the General Executive Board shall immediately proceed to call a convention of these National Industrial Unions and to organize them as a National Industrial Department of the I. W. W.

Sec. 7. All unions, departments and individual members must procure supplies, such as membership books, official .buttons, labels, badges and stamps from the General Secretary-Treasurer, all of which shall be of uniform design.

Sec. 8. There shall be a free interchange of cards between all organizations subordinate to the Industrial Workers of the World and any Local Union, or National Industrial Union, or Industrial Department shall accept, in lieu of initiation fee, the paid up membership card of any recognized labor union or organization.

Sec. 9. All Departments and other subordinate organizations of the Industrial Workers of the World shall use the official Industrial Workers of the World stamps in membership books. All stamps shall be paid for as provided in Article VI, Section 2, and no book shall be considered in good standing unless stamped up to date.

Sec. 10. Editors and papers not controlled by the I. W. W. shall not be eligible to membership in the I. W. W.

ARTICLE VIII.

Defense Fund.

Section 1. The dues received by the General Organization shall be divided as follows: 10 per cent of all dues received shall be placed in a defense fund. The remaining 90 per cent shall be placed in the general fund.

[. . .]

Sec. 2. Officers and employes of the General Organization, receiving membership Cards direct from the General Organization, shall pay to headquarters 25 cents per month and assessments as provided by Article III, Section 7.

Sec. 3. A Local Union shall be entitled to assistance from the General Organization in cases of strike only when the General Organization has allowed or endorsed the said strike.

Sec. 4. No member of the I. W. W. shall represent the organization before a body of wage-earners without first having been authorized by the G. E. B. or a subordinate part of the I. W. W.

ARTICLE IX.

Pledge for Officers, Etc.

Section 1. All officers in the I. W. W. when being installed into office shall be required to give the following pledge:

"Having been entrusted by my fellow wage-workers with the position I am about to assume, I do solemnly pledge my word and honor that I will obey the constitution, rules and regulations of the Industrial Workers of the World, and that, keeping always in view its fundamental principles and final aims, I will to the best of my ability perform the task assigned to me. I believe in and understand the two sentences: 'The Working Class and the Employing Class have Nothing in Common,' and 'Labor is Entitled to All it Produces.' "

Sec. 2. Obligation to new members shall be printed on the application blanks.

Sec. 3. No general officer of the organization or parts thereof, or any salaried organizer shall be permitted to accept any office in any political organization, nor shall they be allowed to accept any nomination for any political office except permission be granted by a referendum vote of the entire organization.

Organizers—Appointment and Duties.

Sec. 4. The General Executive Board shall not appoint as an organizer of the I. W. W. anyone who is employed as organizer for any political party.

Sec. 5. No organizer of the I. W. W. while on the platform for this organization shall advocate any political party or political party platform.

Sec. 6. All national organizers must be members-at-large during the term of their employment.

ARTICLE X.

Amendments.

Proposed amendments to the constitution should be in the hands of the General Secretary and printed in the official publication at least two months before the assembling of The convention,

ARTICLE XI.

Section 1. The number of signers required on application for charter shall not be less than 20.

Sec. 2. No Local Union shall be entitled to representation at any convention, that has not paid tax on at least 20 members for the 6 months prior to the convention.

Sec. 3. Any Local Union, National Industrial Union or Department of the I. W. W. that fails to pay its per capita tax for a period of 90 days, shall be considered defunct, and all property, books, monies and effects shall be surrendered to the General Office of The I. W. W., to be held in trust for a period of one year pending the reorganization of such Local, National Industrial Union, or Department. At the end of that period the funds and property shall become the property of the General Organization.

Sec. 4. The charter of a Local Union shall not be surrendered so long as ten members who agree to abide by the rules and regulations of the General Organization, object thereto; nor shall the funds of any organization be divided among its membership.


BY-LAWS. *)

ARTICLE I.

Section 1. No workingman or woman shall be excluded from membership in local unions because of creed or color.

Sec. 2. Local unions shall define the eligibility of their membership, not conflicting with the provisions of this Constitution.

Sec. 3. Candidates who do not appear for initiation, or present satisfactory reasons within 30 days, after being notified of their election to membership, shall forfeit their initiation fee.

ARTICLE II.

Section 1. The officers of each Industrial Department shall be governed by such Industrial Department.

Sec. 2. Officers of local unions paying tax directly to the Industrial Workers of the World, shall comprise the following: President, Vice President, Recording and Corresponding Secretary, Financial Secretary-Treasurer, Conductor, Warden and a board of at least three Trustees.

ARTICLE III.

Section 1. Officers of local unions shall be elected semi-annually, and shall be nominated at two regular meetings immediately preceding December 1 and June 1. Elections shall take place the last regular meetings of December and June.

Sec. 2. Officers-elect shall be installed at the first regular meeting in January and July. Immediately after installation. the Corresponding Secretary shall furnish the Secretary-Treasurer or The Industrial Workers of the World with a complete list of all local officers, with their postoffice addresses or street numbers, for the purpose of compiling and revising a directory of all unions.

Sec. 3. At the semi-annual election it shall be the duty of the Recording and Corresponding Secretary to furnish ballots in sufficient numbers for the purpose of election, said ballots to contain the names of all candidates to be voted for at said election.

Sec. 4. When an election is held for any office the presiding officer shall act as judge, and shall appoint two members to serve as tellers. The Recording Secretary shall keep a register of all votes cast. Only members in good standing may vote.

ARTICLE IV.

Section 1. The officers-elect who have duly qualified shall be installed at the first regular meetings of January and July of each year by the President or acting President. If any officer-elect, unless prevented by sickness or unavoidable occurrence, docs not comply with the above provisions, such office shall be declared vacant.

Sec. 2. After officers are regularly elected, qualified and installed, they shall continue in office until their successors are regularly elected, qualified and installed.

ARTICLE V.

Section 1. The President shall preside at all meetings of the local union, preserve order therein, and enforce the laws, rules and regulations of the union, decide all questions of order, subject to appeal to the local union; act as judge of election and declare the result to the union. He shall appoint a majority of all Committees. He shall also fill Committees in case of vacancies therein. He shall, with the Financial Secretary-Treasurer, sign all checks or warrants drawn on the local treasury, after accounts have been approved by a majority vote. He shall be entitled to vote at the election of officers, and in the event of a tie vote, shall have the deciding vote. He shall see that all officers of the local union attend strictly to their duties. He shall see that all moneys are placed to the credit of the local union in a bank, or properly safeguarded, as designated by the local union. He may, for good reasons, call a special meeting of the local union at any time, and he shall call a special meeting upon a written request of one-tenth of the number of members in good standing. He shall, at the expiration of his term of office, turn over to his successor, all property and effects entrusted to his keeping.

Sec. 2. It shall be the duty of the Vice-President to assist the President in preserving order at meetings and in the discharge of his duties, and he shall preside during the absence of the President.

Sec. 3. The Recording and Corresponding Secretary shall keep a record of the minutes of the local union, and shall at all times have his books ready for investigation by the Trustees or other authorized persons.

Sec. 4. The Financial Secretary-Treasurer shall execute to the General Secretary-Treasurer a bond to be approved by him in such sum or sums as the General Secretary-Treasurer shall designate. It shall be the duty of the Financial Secretary-Treasurer to keep accurate accounts between the local union and the Industrial Workers of the World, and between the local union and its members. He shall receive all initiation fees, dues, lines and assessments, and for all dues and assessments collected by him he must place a separate stamp in the member's book for each month's dues or assessments paid, and shall cancel same with a dating stamp showing dale of month and year when payments are made. He shall deposit all money belonging to the local union in some bank or other institution designated by the union. He shall at all times have his books ready for inspection by the Trustees or a Committee appointed for that purpose. He shall give a full report monthly to his local union and to the General Secretary-Treasurer. At the expiration of his term of office he shall turn over to his successor all books, papers and property of the union.

Sec. 5. In cases where local unions have a Treasurer, or where there are no banks, a Financial Secretary and a Treasurer may be elected; provided both officers are bonded as provided in Section 4.

Sec. 6. It shall be the duty of the Conductor to examine every person's book at meetings and see that they are correct and paid up, and shall report every member who is delinquent to the President.

Sec. 7. It shall be the duty of the Warden to take charge of the door and see that none but members in good standing enter except by order of the President.

Sec. 8. The Board of Trustees shall hold in trust all bonds, securities and property of the union, examine all books and accounts of the Financial Secretary-Treasurer once every three months, and report their findings at the next meeting of the union. Should any of the Trustees leave or retire from office between elections, the President shall see that their places are kept filled, and that all property kept in their care is turned over to their successors.

ARTICLE VI.

Charges preferred against any member of the I. W. W. by another member, for conduct in violation of the Constitution and By-Laws of the organization or in violation of its principles shall be disposed of in the following manner: The secretary of the local union to which the accusor be longs shall transmit the charges in writing to the secretary of the local union to which the accused belongs, keeping a copy of the charges on file. Charges thus preferred shall be referred to a Grievance Committee with power to summon the accused and accusor together with witnesses, and receive the evidence, and report its findings to the next regular meeting of the local union to which the accused belongs. The action of the local union on the matter shall be binding, subject to appeal by either party, to the next higher body—the District Council or the Executive Board of the National Industrial Union. From there appeal may be taken in regular order to the General Executive Board, and finally to the General Convention. Appeals to higher bodies in the organization shall be accompanied by copies in writing of the evidence in the trial in the local union, and shall be reviewed on the record of the evidence thus presented. The expenses, if any, in appeals on charges shall be borne by the accusor, unless the charges are sustained, in which case the expenses shall he borne by the respective organizations through which the charges are transmitted on appeal.

ARTICLE VII.

Section 1. Each local union shall be provided with a Seal by the General Secretary-Treasurer, which shall bear the number of the local union; and all official papers from The local union must bear an imprint of this seal, and none will be legal without such impression.

ARTICLE VIII.

Section 1. The initiation fees, and other fees, dues and assessments may be determined by local unions, but shall not conflict with the General Constitution.

Sec. 2. Monthly dues are payable on the first day of each month. Members who do not pay dues or assessments for current month before the last day of the succeeding month shall be in bad standing. Members in bad standing are not entitled to benefits of any kind from the local union nor from the Industrial Workers of the World.

Sec. 3. Members who become delinquent for dues and assessments for sixty days or more, shall not again be entitled to any benefits until thirty days after such dues and assessments shall have been paid.

ARTICLE IX.

Section 1. On application, withdrawal cards may be granted to members in good standing, whose dues and assessments are paid. Provided, said member has ceased to be a wage-worker.

ARTICLE X.

Section 1. Members wishing to be transferred from one local to another shall show their card to the secretary of the local union of which he wishes to become a member, and upon paying all dues and assessments the local secretary shall receipt for same, and shall immediately send for the transfer.

Sec. 2. When a local union to which a member transfers collects for delinquent dues and assessments, none shall be remitted to the local union to which the member formerly belonged, but the same shall he retained by the local union making the collection.

ARTICLE XI.

Section 1. All local unions shall hold at least one regular meeting each month, and as many additional meetings ,as the union may decide upon.

Sec. 2. Recording and Corresponding Secretaries shall advise the General Secretary-Treasurer immediately of changes by local unions in time and place of meetings, so that the official directory of the Industrial Workers of the World may be corrected at all times.

ARTICLE XII.

Section 1. Local unions shall have power to enact such laws for their government as they may deem necessary; provided, they do not conflict with the Constitution and By-Laws of the Industrial Workers of the World.

ARTICLE XIII.

Section 1. A local union shall not surrender its charter if 10 members who agree to abide by the rules and regulations of the general organization object thereto.

Sec. 2. Upon a local union surrendering its charter, the General Secretary-Treasurer shall appoint a representative of the Industrial Workers of the World to take charge of the charter, supplies, property and funds of said local union. Members or officers of local unions refusing to deliver charter, supplies, property or funds of local unions surrendering their charters, to the authorized representative of the Industrial Workers of the World, shall be expelled from the organization and prosecuted.

ARTICLE XIV.

Section 1. Seven members shall constitute a quorum for the transaction of business of a local union.

Propaganda Leagues.

"Be it Resolved, By the convention that the general administration of the Industrial Workers of the World be authorized to issue credentials or charters to Propaganda Clubs or Leagues, composed of actual members of the working class in localities where the general organizer deems them necessary.

"1. That these clubs shall be under the control of the General Organizer the same as National Organizers.

"2. That these Propaganda Leagues shall be governed by the Preamble and Constitution of the Industrial Workers of the World.

"3. That they shall not admit to membership persons suspended from the Industrial Workers of the World.

"4. That they shall not admit to membership members who have withdrawn on account of disagreement with the policy of the organization or any of its subsidiary bodies."

Political Parties and Discipline.

"Whereas, The primary object of the Industrial Workers of the World is to unite the workers on the industrial battlefield; and

"Whereas, Organization, in any sense, implies discipline through the subordination of parts to the whole, and of the individual member to the body of which he is a part; therefore be it

"Resolved, That to the end of promoting industrial unity and of securing necessary discipline within the organization, the I. W. W. refuses all alliances, direct or indirect, with existing political parties or anti-political sects, and disclaims responsibility for any individual opinion or act which may be at variance with the purposes herein expressed."

ARTICLE XV.

"All parts of the Constitution conflicting with amendments ratified by a referendum vote are hereby declared null and void."


Transcribed and annotated by J. D. Crutchfield from an original photocopied by Robert A. Rush.

Last updated 5 February 2004.